Minority students tend to enrol in less selective institutions. Veteran status, age, dependency status, and race/ethnicity all impact on disability rates amongst corresponding student cohorts. Meanwhile, 29 percent of respondents stated they are handling the entire cost of college themselves, while 32 percent are not paying it at all. This likely means they have taken on student loan debt, but the remaining cost was covered by grants, scholarships, or savings. Credit: Chart from "Understanding Equity Gaps in College Graduation," Urban Institute, January 2020. At some colleges in Virginia, the gap exceeds 30 percentage points. Black Virginians were more likely to have grown up in poor neighborhoods and attended elementary, middle and high schools with other poor students, less experienced teachers and fewer resources. The Hechinger Report is a national nonprofit newsroom that reports on one topic: education. In 2007, 56.7 percent of elementary school students (kindergarten through grade 8) and 66.1 percent of college students (undergraduate and graduate) were non-Hispanic white. An additional 6% earned a certificate, and 13% earned a bachelor's degree. … Interestingly, the average age of online degree program students was 32 years old in 2016. Digest of Education Statistics Statistics on student financial aid and student charges. Blom pointed out that Pasadena City College in California was able to reduce graduation inequities after it scrutinized its student data and changed dozens of policies. Only 21 percent of blacks and 15 percent of Latinos have a bachelor’s degree or more, compared with 35 percent of whites and 54 percent of Asians. College Costs: State Spending Charts Changes in state spending on college education, state student aid, tuition, & fees. The overall college enrollment rate has increased since 2000. Required fields are marked *. In 2015, there were 11.8 million college and university students under age 25 and 8.1 million students 25 years old and over. For the state of Virginia, they had access to family income, which was listed on college applications. In 2015, there were 11.8 million college and university students under age 25 and 8.1 million students 25 years old and over. Shutterstock. Educational Attainment, by Race and Ethnicity Educational Attainment by Age In 2017, more than four in 10 adults in the U.S. ages 25 and older had attained an associate degree or higher (44.4 percent), followed by 28.8 percent whose highest level of education was completing high school, 16.3 percent who had some college but no degree, and 10.4 percent who had less than a high school education. Black students are less likely to apply and be admitted to the state’s top tier schools. They’re not the state’s most selective institutions such as University of Virginia in Charlottesville, College of William and Mary or Virginia Tech. While 18-21-year-olds make up a significant percentage of students, they still account for less than half (42.15%) of all students. This is where the Urban Institute analysis gets really interesting. Race and Ethnicity of College and University Presidents Over Time In 1986, Whites represented 91.9 percent of all college and university presidents. For example, biology professors at the college erased a rule banning late assignments or makeup exams. The percentage of Black students increased from 10 percent in 1976 to 14 percent in 2017, but the 2017 percentage reflects a decrease since 2011, when … In school,... 37% of African American, 33% of Native American, and 25 percent of Latino students raising children. By continuing to use this website, you consent to our usage of cookies and similar technologies, in accordance with our cookie policy. 48% percent of students are minorities or people of color (BIPOC). For Virginia, the researchers were able to reveal the names of the colleges, but not for Connecticut. Wartburg College has almost same number of students compared to similar colleges (1,549 students in average - Private (not-for-profit) Baccalaureate College - Arts & Sciences). At one Virginia community college, Paul D. Camp in Franklin, there is still a 20 percentage point difference between the graduation rates of whites and Asians and those of blacks and Latinos. One way to look at inequality in America is to notice how people of different races and ethnicities get sorted into different colleges. The Urban Institute researchers calculated graduation rates by race and ethnicity in Virginia and Connecticut and found that white and Asian students graduate at higher rates than black and Latino students at most colleges. 38% percent of students are minorities or people of color (BIPOC).The ethnic breakdown is detailed in the following table. That equates to 26 percent of all college undergraduates. Our work keeps educators and the public informed about pressing issues at schools and on campuses throughout the country. According to the latest data (2011–12), the percentage of undergraduates who reported having a disability was 11 percent for both males and females. By 2016, distance education enrolments had increased for the fourteenth straight year. The authors focused on Virginia and Connecticut because those are the two states where they were able to obtain detailed data for students but it is likely that the findings are similar nationally. The plurality of college students, 39 percent, indicated that they are responsible for paying for some of their college education. While 18-21-year-olds make up a significant percentage of students, they still account for less than half (42.15%) of all students. Public institutions command the greatest portion of distance education students, with 67.8 percent of all distance students. The Hechinger Report provides in-depth, fact-based, unbiased reporting on education that is free to all readers. We have a problem in America. Student Loan Debt Statistics. As no race/ethnicity data was collected for these students they are displayed separately. Among college students today, nearly half (40 percent) are age 25 or older—returning to advance their career or to re-train for a new opportunity. Sign up for the Hechinger newsletter. Enrollment in the 468 best-funded and most selective four-year institutions is 75 percent white, the Georgetown University Center for Education and the Workforce reports . Students at Maryland are mainly White with a smaller Asian population. From fall 1976 to fall 2017, the percentage of Hispanic students rose from 4 percent to 19 percent of all U.S. residents enrolled in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, and the percentage of Asian/Pacific Islander students rose from 2 percent to 7 percent. According to Education Department estimates, by 2026, 57 percent of college students will be women. For example, among dependent undergraduates, 9 percent reported having a disability, which was lower than the percentages for independent undergraduates who were married (13 percent) or unmarried (14 percent). As of 2012, 11 percent of all undergraduates were raising children without a partner. A common rebuttal to this simple calculation of graduation rates by race and ethnicity is to point out that black and Latino students generally have more obstacles in college than their white and Asian peers. That helped accommodate low-income students who have to juggle work and school. Blom and her co-author didn’t have enough data to adjust for other factors that could explain the graduation differences. Sign up for our weekly newsletters to get stories like this delivered directly to your inbox. In the research literature, this “unexplained” gap in college attainment is often explained as racial discrimination or institutional racism. Black people and Latinx people are still less likely to finish high school, less likely to attend college and less likely to graduate if they do. For Connecticut, they could see if the student came from a family poor enough to quality for federal Pell grants. A study from Facebook found that about 28% of married college-graduates attended the same college. This story about college graduation rates by race and ethnicity was written by Jill Barshay and produced by The Hechinger Report, a nonprofit, independent news organization focused on inequality and innovation in education. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. We don’t know. At all four-year universities and colleges in Virginia, the average graduation gap between whites and Asians and blacks and Latinos is 16 percentage points. Among low-income and first-generation college students, more than a third are parents, and minorities are especially likely to be balancing parenting and college, with 37% of African American, 33% of Native American, and 25 percent of Latino students raising children. Still the racial concentration in just a few institutions is striking, given that Virginia has sizable black populations in many counties throughout the eastern half of the state and a wide choice of colleges and universities. In contrast, less than 25 percent … Please read our guidelines for more information. Learn More{{/message}}. But Black students would see the most significant drop: Their college success rate would decrease from 51.5% to 37.1%, a 14.4 percentage point difference. Number of college students by age category, Part-time study is becoming increasingly popular, Women now comprise 56 percent of students, more likely to attend a two-year college and attend on a part-time basis. Black and Latino families often have less savings and fewer assets to fall back on. At The Hechinger Report, we publish thoughtful letters from readers that contribute to the ongoing discussion about the education topics we cover. Data submitted annually by NCAA member schools were previously compiled as the Student-Athlete Race and Ethnicity Report and the Race and Gender Demographics Reports (one for institutions and one for conferences) that were either printed or presented as PDFs online. Students at BC are primarily White with a small Asian population.The school has medium racial diversity. College applications can only seek racial and ethnic identity in order to comply with non-discrimination laws or to provide equal opportunity, but students do not have to self-identify. Part-time study is becoming increasingly popular in response to student demand for flexibility. Addressing these graduation gaps will probably be expensive and involve more financial aid, tutoring and advising for students. They often arrive at college with lower test scores and high school grades. Fourteen percent of dependent students with family incomes in the lowest income quartile (less than $30,000) who started at a public two-year college in 2003–04 completed an associate degree by 2009. Let’s get real, here. When I talked with Erica Blom, one of the authors, she applauded education leaders in Virginia and Connecticut for wanting to understand their equity gaps and opening their student data records to this kind of scrutiny. Students with weaker academic preparation might be more likely to fail classes and drop out of college. Your email address will not be published. What this means is that even among students with the same high school grades and family income, a white student is, on average, 20 percentage points more likely to get a two-year associate degree than a black student. Blacks and whites with the same smarts and money ought to be graduating at the same rates, right? According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 71.5% of students did not take a distance education course as part of their degree in 2014. Jill Barshay is a staff writer and editor who writes the weekly “Proof Points” column about education research and data. Race, abortion, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict are among the most uncomfortable topics for college students to discuss, according to a survey of nearly 20,000 students. The director of professional development formed faculty book clubs to discuss Claude Steele’s “Whistling Vivaldi,” a book about “stereotype threat,” which is a psychological theory about how minorities perform worse in environments where people like them traditionally don’t succeed. You can check the student demographics by gender ratio , race/ethnicity , and age distribution . The bar charts below show the raw and adjusted graduation gaps for institutions in Virginia and Connecticut. Black and Latino students also often encounter more financial hardship in college and drop out for economic reasons. From 1990 until 2015, the number of males enrolled in college increased by 41 percent, and the number of female students rose by 53 percent. “I hope that our findings spur institutions to do some reflection on whether there is more they could do to help all students succeed,” she said. In Virginia, for example, more than 50 percent of all black college students attend just four colleges, according to research by the Urban Institute, a Washington think tank. Type of LetterLetterCorrectionRequest for Information, {{#message}}{{{message}}}{{/message}}{{^message}}Your submission failed. * Help us keep doing that. While Whites remained the majority in 2016, their representation declined as the presidency became more racially and ethnically diverse. Your email address will not be published. About 82 percent of high school graduates from high-income families enroll in college, compared to 52 percent of graduates from low-income families. Over recent years, there has been a dramatic shift in the opposite direction. When people think of a college student, they often imagine an unmarried High school graduate in their late teens or early 20's attending full time on campus. In contrast, around a quarter of postsecondary faculty were nonwhite (24%), versus 45% of … Notify me by email when the comment gets approved. Instead, large numbers of black students attend Old Dominion and Virginia Commonwealth universities. Percentage of students who graduate without student loan debt: 74% Average debt at graduation for students taking out loans: $12,560 Racial and ethnic makeup of the student body: White students receive more than three-quarters (76 percent) of all institutional merit-based scholarship and grant funding, even though they represent less than two-thirds (62 percent) of the student population, according to the report published by Mark Kantrowitz, the financial aid guru behind Fastweb.com and FinAid.org. If we want more college-educated Americans, we need to do something about it. The researchers at the Urban Institute were able to dig back into college application and school records and see students’ SAT scores and high school grades. Then they mathematically adjusted the graduation rates, comparing students with the same academic preparation and family income or poverty status at each college. But the researchers didn’t know students’ wealth. This segregated sorting in higher education is somewhat understandable. A college's ethnic diversity is indicated by the student body's equal inclusion of students from different backgrounds . 34 percent of students who enroll full-time for at least one term earn an associate degree or certificate while only 23 percent of those who always enroll part-time do so. Men have traditionally attended university at far higher rates than women. Enter your email address to receive our blogs directly to your inbox! You must fill out all fields to submit a letter. Only 21 percent of blacks and 15 percent of Latinos have a bachelor’s degree or more, compared with 35 percent of whites and 54 percent of Asians. “Institutional leaders need to think strongly about the way their rhetoric does not align with the actual institutional policies in who gains access to and graduates from their college,” said Dominique Baker, an assistant professor of education policy at Southern Methodist University, who reviewed the Urban Institute study, in an e-mail interview. According to a 2014 study from the Institute for Women's Policy Research, 4.8 million college students were parents of dependent children in 2011. “I mean, why does a student’s lack of financial resources predict the gap in graduation likelihood between Black and white students?”, Related: Behind the Latino college degree gap, “Understanding Equity Gaps in College Graduation” was written by Erica Blom and Tomas Monarrez at the Urban Institute and published in January 2020. Detailed information on data collection methods is included with each fact sheet. Moreover, the college success rate gap between White and Black students would be nearly 30 percentage points, and roughly 21 percentage points for Latino students. Approximately 12.6 million students currently attend full-time while 7.8 million attend part-time (source). Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. It’s possible that the adjusted graduation gaps would further close to zero if family wealth were factored in. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. For example, 50 percent of white and Asian students obtained their four-year bachelor’s degrees within six years at the Jefferson College of Health Science in Roanoke (now part of Radford University) compared to only 18 percent of blacks and Latinos. Perhaps a black student with the same academic preparation, family income and wealth, does graduate college at the same rate as a white student. But when you looked at the percent of the state that was black and the percent of the college that was black, it painted a different picture. “In 2017, only about half (49.9 percent) of elementary school students and 54.7 percent of college students were non-Hispanic white,” said Kurt Bauman, Chief, Education and Social Stratification Branch. The gaps are smaller in Connecticut and at two-year colleges but they still exist. About 17.5 million students are expected to enroll in undergraduate programs, and 3.0 million will enroll in post-baccalaureate programs (source). In 2018, the college enrollment rate was higher for 18- to 24-year-olds who were Asian (59 percent) than for 18- to 24-year-olds who were White (42 percent), Black (37 percent), and Hispanic (36 percent). Minority attendance at University is growing. Student loan debt in 2020 is now about $1.56 trillion. Some perspective students were turned off by how few black students we had. If we want more college-educated Americans, we need to do something about it. Approximately seven percent of all college undergraduates are married, though the figure is higher when taking into account post-graduate students. The number of single mothers in college more than doubled between 1999 and 2012. A college's ethnic diversity is indicated by the student body's equal inclusion of students from different backgrounds. For example, since 1994, enrolment of black students has doubled at institutions that primarily grant associate degrees, including community colleges. In 2017, the population was 61 percent white, 18 percent Hispanic, 12.3 percent black, 5.7 percent Asian, 1.9 percent one or more race, 0.7 percent American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.3 percent Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. The reality is different, with diversity increasing in many key areas in recent years. Our school had a higher percentage of black students in the student body than the state had--almost double. In 2015/2016, 56 percent of college students were female and 44 percent were male. She taught algebra to ninth graders for the 2013-14 school year. 14.5% of students took at least one, but not all, distance courses and 14% took only online courses (source). These fact sheets provide national statistics about the background characteristics, postsecondary experiences, and outcomes of first-generation and continuing-generation college students in the United States. **Data unavailable for 2008-09 and 2009-10 Other statistics on the topic Around 38% of White drop out of college, while 62% of African Americans and 54.8% of Hispanics drop out within 6 years of enrollment. Figure 4 presents the racial/ethnic breakdown of all students by degree offered in the department – that is, whether the department offers only a master’s degree, only a doctoral degree, or both terminal master’s and doctoral degrees – for 2014-15 only. For example, black students are more likely to attend a two-year college and attend on a part-time basis. According to this article from Inside Higher Ed, nearly half of all students graduating with a four-year degree in the 2013-14 school year had previously attended a two-year institution. Related: Federal data shows 3.9 million students dropped out of college with debt in 2015 and 2016. Understanding Equity Gaps in College Graduation, Federal data shows 3.9 million students dropped out of college with debt in 2015 and 2016, story published September 2019 in Politico, college graduation rates by race and ethnicity, Budget cuts are taking the heaviest toll on colleges that serve the neediest students, Black students are drastically underrepresented at top public colleges, data show, OPINION: Let’s not ignore how much international students matter to community colleges, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. But there are still differences along race and ethnicity at many institutions. Women now comprise 56 percent of students on campuses nationwide, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Interestingly, 34 percent of students who enroll full-time for at least one term earn an associate degree or certificate while only 23 percent of those who always enroll part-time do so. Even though the server responded OK, it is possible the submission was not processed. There is no indication that this trend won't continue. This website uses cookies as well as similar tools and technologies to understand visitors’ experiences. Urban Institute analyzes graduation rates by race and ethnicity at colleges and universities in Virginia and Connecticut. more likely to persist to the second year by a margin of 77 percent to 64 percent. College Costs: National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Characteristics of college students and how they finance their education. In fall 2017, 7.0 million students attended 2-year institutions and 13.4 million attended 4-year institutions. The college’s efforts were explained at length in a story published September 2019 in Politico. Here is a breakdown of student demographics at American universities. In fall 2017, about three-quarters of postsecondary faculty members in the U.S. were white (76%), compared with 55% of undergraduates, according to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). 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