The economic structure of Middle Eastern nations are different in the sense that while some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products (such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait), others have a highly diverse economic base (such as Cyprus, Israel, Turkey and Egypt). The World Bank: World Economic Indicators Database. [36][37] It is also a main language in some Emirates of the United Arab Emirates. The Middle East Region. It is divided into three main geographical regions; th… "Migration has always provided an important vent for labor market pressures in the Middle East. To protect the security of both the Soviet Union and the United States. [8][9] During this time the British and Russian Empires were vying for influence in Central Asia, a rivalry which would become known as The Great Game. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles defined the Middle East as "the area lying between and including Libya on the west and Pakistan on the east, Syria and Iraq on the North and the Arabian peninsula to the south, plus the Sudan and Ethiopia. First used in 1856, the term “Near East” was defined specifically against the Far East and referred to the region in Asia that’s west of India. It occupies about 900,000 sq miles of the Arabian Peninsula encompasses parts of Oman, Iraq, Jordan, and Yemen. The prospect of the Middle East region finally realizing appropriate levels of economic growth, global leadership in all areas, and a balanced contribution to the global economy is exhilarating. The Middle East is an intercontinental area centered on Egypt, Turkey, and Western Asia. The term "Middle East" may have originated in the 1850s in the British India Office. The term has fallen into disuse in American English and has been replaced by the terms Middle East, which includes Egypt, and Western Asia, which includes the South Caucasus. The Caucasus Mountains is located between the Caspian and the Black Seas. The Middle East is a region of Asia that is bordered by Asia to the east, Europe to the northwest, Africa to the southwest, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. The five top languages, in terms of numbers of speakers, are Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Kurdish, and Hebrew. [20], The term Middle East has also been criticised as Eurocentric ("based on a British Western perception") by Hanafi (1998). The government of any particular country, no matter what "continent" they live on determines the quality of life for the people. The most populous countries in the region are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey, while Saudi Arabia is the largest Middle Eastern country by area. [57][58][59], region that encompasses Western Asia and Egypt, This video over Central Africa and the Middle East was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the, Territories and regions usually considered within the Middle East. Mahan realized not only the strategic importance of the region, but also of its center, the Persian Gulf. How does Carter plan to promote his goals for the Middle East? These were followed by the Hittite, Greek, Hurrian and Urartian civilisations of Asia Minor; Elam, Persia and Median civilizations in Iran, as well as the civilizations of the Levant (such as Ebla, Mari, Nagar, Ugarit, Canaan, Aramea, Mitanni, Phoenicia and Israel) and the Arabian Peninsula (Magan, Sheba, Ubar). [27] Various Central Asian countries are sometimes also included.[28]. Other mountain ranges found on the border between Saudi Arabia and the Red Sea includes the Hejaz and Asir mountains. Auinger: While non-alcoholic soft drinks in cans and PET bottles are chiefly consumed in the Middle East, on the African continent returnable glass bottles for carbonated beverages have a long tradition. "[16] In 1958, the State Department explained that the terms "Near East" and "Middle East" were interchangeable, and defined the region as including only Egypt, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar.[19]. Middle Eastern economies range from being very poor (such as Gaza and Yemen) to extremely wealthy nations (such as Qatar and UAE). Throughout its history the Middle East has been a major center of world affairs; a strategically, economically, politically, culturally, and religiously sensitive area. One is a continent and one is a smaller region. The earliest civilizations like Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia originated from the Nile Valley and the Fertile Crescent regions. Around one third of Africa is located in the Southern Hemisphere. The western border of the Middle East is defined by the Mediterranean Sea, where Israel, Lebanon, and Syria rest opposite from Greece and Italy in Europe. Josiah Russell estimates the population of what he calls "Islamic territory" as roughly 12.5 million in 1000 – Anatolia 8 million, Syria 2 million, and Egypt 1.5 million. Another Semitic language such as Aramaic and its dialects are spoken mainly by Assyrians and Mandaeans. In the 20th century, the region's significant stocks of crude oil gave it new strategic and economic importance. It covers an area of approximately 340,509 square miles, almost the combined size of the UK and France. The Middle East is very diverse when it comes to religions, many of which originated there. San Marino33,400 The short answer is that Egypt is in both Africa and the Middle East. The "Middle East" as a term can be as contentious as the region it identifies. 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